The coronavirus, which recently broke out in Wuhan province in China, is in the same family as the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) which broke out in 2012. It has spread to 473 patients in China, and 17 people have died from the virus. In the U.S., officials at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention confirmed one case of a Washington State resident testing positive for the virus after a trip to China.
What is a Coronavirus
Coronaviruses were first identified in the 1960s. They get their name from their crown-like shape. Sometimes, but not often, a coronavirus can infect both animals and humans.A coronavirus is a kind of common virus that causes an infection in your nose, sinuses, or upper throat. Most coronaviruses are not dangerous. Some types of them are serious, though. When the corona virus is so virulent that the growth of the virus is faster than the production of antibodies by the body, it is not possible for the body immune system to fight back the infection.The recent strain of Corona virus in China attacks the lower respiratory system causing pneumonia. About 858 people have died from Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) a kind of corona virus, which first appeared in 2012 in Saudi Arabia and then in other countries in the Middle East, Africa, Asia, and Europe.
Most coronaviruses spread the same way other cold-causing viruses do: through infected people coughing and sneezing, by touching an infected person’s hands or face, or by touching things such as doorknobs that infected people have touched.
The symptoms of most coronaviruses are similar to any other upper respiratory infection, including runny nose, coughing, sore throat, and sometimes a fever. In most cases, you won’t know whether you have a coronavirus or a different cold-causing virus, such as rhinovirus.
You could get lab tests, including nose and throat cultures and blood work, to find out whether your cold was caused by a coronavirus, but there’s no reason to. The test results wouldn’t change how you treat your symptoms, which typically go away in a few days.
But if a coronavirus infection spreads to the lower respiratory tract (your windpipe and your lungs), it can cause pneumonia, especially in older people, people with heart disease, or people with weakened immune systems.
Virulence of the Corona Virus from China:
With at least 82 dead so far, Beijing has broadened the extraordinary quarantine to more than 50 million people, but the mayor of Wuhan, the outbreak’s epicenter, said 5 million people have already left his city. China’s health minister said the coronavirus is increasing in virulence and now could be contagious even before people exhibit symptoms, making apparently healthy people possible carriers.
In the United States, health officials confirmed five cases of the pneumonia-like illness, while infections also have been confirmed in France, South Korea, Japan, Nepal, Thailand, Cambodia, Singapore, Vietnam, Taiwan, Canada and Sri Lanka.
Mode of propagation of the Chinese Corona virus
The outbreak in China originated in Wuhan and centered on a seafood market. The CDC said while originally thought to be spreading from animal-to-person, “there are growing indications that limited person-to-person spread is happening.”
Ultraviolet UV-C Light Kills Corona Virus
Ultraviolet light UV-C not only kills the virus on surfaces but also those in the air. It acts as an air and surface purifier. For example, a company Dimer is using its Germ Falcon robot to kill viruses, bacteria, and superbugs on surfaces and in the surrounding air on aeroplanes between flights at Los Angeles International Airport (LAX), San Francisco International Airport (SFO), and John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK) in New York.UVC disinfection robots are also typically seen in healthcare facilities and hospitals, being used to disinfect air, water, and surfaces in rooms and operating rooms.
There is no vaccine for coronavirus. To help prevent a coronavirus infection, do the same things you do to avoid the common cold:
- Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and warm water or with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
- Keep your hands and fingers away from your eyes, nose, and mouth.
- Avoid close contact with people who are infected.
- Use UV-C light to disinfect your workplace, your car, children’s play space, gym-bag, sports locker, yoga mat, your toothbrush cabinet, the toilet, washroom, etc.
You treat a coronavirus infection the same way you treat a cold:
- Get plenty of rest.
- Drink fluids.
- Take over-the-counter medicine for a sore throat and fever. But don’t give aspirin to children or teens younger than 19: use ibuprofen or acetaminophen instead.
Safety when using UV-C light
While UV-C light is all natural and kills viruses in seconds, human eyes and skin should not be exposed to UV-C light which is invisible. Manufacturers allow a certain portion of the visible spectrum of light to also be emitted by the device so that you know that the UV-C light is active and move away. Some devices also have a motion sensor to automatically cut off when shining the UVC light at 253.7 nanometers.